Today's Google doodle on Dr. Virginia Apgar : Facts

  • Virginia Apgar (June 7, 1909 – August 7, 1974) was an American obstetrical anesthetist.
  • She was a leader in the fields of anesthesiology and teratology, and introduced obstetrical considerations to the established field of neonatology
  • She is responsible for creating the "Apgar score" which is given to newborns to quickly assess their health
  • This assessment covers 5 key areas : skin colour, heart rate, grimace response, activity, and respiration.
  • After completing surgical internship at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, she studied anesthesiology under Dr. Ralph Waters
  • In 1938, Dr. Apgar became the first woman to head a division at Columbia University and Presbyterian Hospital when she was named Director of Anaesthesiology.
  • She co-wrote a book in 1972 called "Is My Baby All Right?" which explained the causes and treatment of a variety of common birth defects.
  • She was given three honorary doctorates during her career, from the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania, Mount Holyoke College and the New Jersey College
  • She died of cirrhosis of the liver on August 7, 1974.

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