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Amazon Rainforest

  • Amazon rainforest or Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broad leaf forest in the Amazon bio-me that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
  • This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres of which 5,500,000 square kilometres are covered by the rainforest.
  • This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. States or departments in four nations contain "Amazonas" in their names.
  • Majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in others.
  • The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most bio diverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world.
  • An estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.
  • The rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years.
  • And most of the region remained free of savanna-type biomes at least until the current ice age, when the climate was drier and savanna more widespread.

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