World Day Against Child Labour (12 June)

  • World Day Against Child Labour 2020 focuses on the impact of crisis on child labour.
  • Almost one in ten of all children worldwide are in child labour.
  • Children around the world are routinely engaged in paid and unpaid forms of work that are not harmful to them.
  • They are classified as child labourers when they are either too young to work, or are involved in hazardous activities that may compromise their physical, mental, social or educational development.
  • The COVID-19 health pandemic and the resulting economic and labour market shock are having a huge impact on people’s lives and livelihoods. Unfortunately, children are often the first to suffer.
  • The crisis can push millions of vulnerable children into child labour.
  • Already, there are an estimated 152 million children in child labour, 72 million of which are in hazardous work, and the crisis may add more to it.
  • In the least developed countries, slightly more than one in four children (ages 5 to 17) are engaged in labour that is considered detrimental to their health and development.
  • Africa ranks highest among regions both in the percentage of children in child labour — one-fifth — and the absolute number of children in child labour — 72 million.
  • Asia and the Pacific ranks second highest in both these measures — 7% of all children and 62 million in absolute terms are in child labour in this region.
  • While the percentage of children in child labour is highest in low-income countries, their numbers are actually greater in middle-income countries.
  • 9% all children in lower-middle-income countries, and 7% of all children in upper-middle-income countries, are in child labour.

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