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World War I in one pointer

  • Before WW1 started, there were a number of defence alliances which existed between the major European countries.
  • This meant if one country were to declare a war on another, the other countries in the same alliance would also have to enter the conflict.
  • Britain, France, Ireland and Russia were part of an alliance called the Allied Powers.
  • Germany, Austria, Hungary were known as the Central Powers.
  • The assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the main catalyst for starting the war.
  • After the assassination, Austria declared war on Serbia. As the assassination was planned by a Serbian terrorist group, called The Black Hand.
  • Russia prepared to defend its ally Serbia. Germany declared war on Russia to protect Austria. And France to declare war on Germany to protect its ally Russia.
  • Germany invaded Belgium to get to France which caused Britain to declare war on Germany.
  • The fighting along western front took place in France and Belgium.
  • The eastern front was between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other.
  • The war officially ended between Germany and the Allies with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on November 11, 1918.

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