What Is Quantum Computing?

  • Quantum computing is based on the principles of quantum physics, which are a little different from the traditional rules of physics.
  • Classical computers manipulate ones and zeroes to crunch through operations, but quantum computers use quantum bits or qubits.
  • Just like classical computers, quantum computers use ones and zeros, but qubits have a third state called “superposition” that allows them to represent a one or a zero at the same time.
  • Instead of analysing a one or a zero sequentially, superposition allows two qubits in superposition to represent four scenarios at the same time.
  • Therefore, the time it takes to process a set of data is significantly reduced.
  • Quantum computers can solve problems that are impossible or would take a traditional computer a billion years to solve.
  • They will also change the landscape of data security. Predictions are that quantum computers can prove to be hack-proof replacements for some of the traditional computing techniques.
  • Google announced it has a quantum computer that is 100 million times faster than any classical computer in its lab.
  • Quantum computers will reduce power consumption anywhere from 100 up to 1000 times because quantum computers use quantum tunnelling.
  • Once a stable quantum computer gets developed, expect that machine learning will exponentially accelerate even reducing the time to solve a problem from hundreds of thousands of years to seconds.