History and Role of United Nations- An Overview Of The Human Rights Organisation

  • When the World War II ended in 1945, nations were in ruins and a need for peace was felt all over. That's when 51 countries gathered in San Francisco to sign a Charter.
  • The Charter was for an international organization named United Nations, the mission and work of which were guided by the principles and objectives contained in the Charter.
  • The main objective of UN is to maintain international peace and security.
  • Its other objectives include promoting development in under-developed regions, providing humanitarian work to those in need, upholding international law, protecting human rights and promoting democracy.
  • The main organs of the UN are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat.
  • It is currently made up of 193 Member States. The members are admitted in the UN by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.
  • The current Secretary-General of the UN, and the ninth occupant of the post, is Mr. António Guterres of Portugal, who took office on 1 January 2017.
  • The Secretary-General is like the Chief Administrative Officer. He is a symbol of the organization's ideals and is a spokesman for the interests of the world's peoples, the poor and vulnerable in particular.
  • The UN has offices and duty stations all around the world. The different offices and departments coordinate with each other to carry on the day to day workings of the organization all over.

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