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Alexander the Great

  • Alexander was designated as ‘Alexander the great’. Alexander is a Greek word which simply means ‘a man who helps others’.
  • This great emperor was same as his name. He was the emperor of Macedon and had succeeded the empire from his father Phillip.
  • Known for his brutal and legendary military tactics, Alexander was probably one of the best if not the best military commanders of all time.
  • He was most successful, however, conquering much of the world at the time and sometimes making entire cities surrender to him without killing a single person.
  • Alexander was born a prince of Macedonia and tutored by Aristotle. By the age of 22, he had conquered Greece and set sail to Asia Minor.
  • Here, in what is now central Turkey, he cut in half the famous Gordian Knot, fulfilling a Greek legend that whoever unravelled it would rule the world.
  • In Syria, he destroyed the armies of Darius III and gained control of the entire Eastern Mediterranean coast. He entered Egypt as a liberator.
  • From there, he fought in India, where his legendary horse Bucephalus was killed. He was still on campaign at the age of 33 when a fever destroyed his health.
  • By the age of 30 only, he developed a great empire starting from the Lonian sea to the Himalayas.
  • He discovered many cities and named them before himself. The predominant one is the Alexandria in Egypt.
  • His great military tactics are still taught in some military academies throughout the world.

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