What Is The Paris Agreement On Climate Change?

  • The Paris Agreement is an international agreement to lower worldwide greenhouse gas emissions in order to mitigate climate change.
  • The Agreement's goal is to limit global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by having the individual countries each pledge to reduce their carbon emissions.
  • As of 2019, 196 states plus the European Union have signed. Further, 183 nations and the European Union have ratified the agreement.
  • Under the Paris Agreement, each country must determine, plan, and regularly report on the contribution that it undertakes to mitigate global warming.
  • The main objectives are focused on 20/20/20 targets, namely the reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 20%, the increase of renewable energy's market share to 20%, and a 20% increase in energy efficiency.
  • The Paris deal is the world's first comprehensive climate agreement.