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Rogan Art: Rogan painting is an ancient art with having 400 years of history

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    An art of painting on a piece of cloth, which is practiced in nirona of Kutch.Over the years Nirona village earned name as craft village due to their uniqueness in culture difference, craft and way of life.
  • Traditional Indian handicrafts reflect the culture and history of the place they come from. One such unique art form is Rogan painting.
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    This rare craft is practised by a lone Muslim family in India, the "Khatris", who call the sleepy hamlet of "Nirona" in Gujarat’s Kutch district their home.
  • This family of traditional artists has steadfastly kept this intriguing craft alive for over three centuries, protecting it from vanishing into the folds of history.
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    1). It is mixed with vibrant natural colours and immersed in water, before being stored in earthen pots. This helps the paint retain its malleable texture, which can be used for painting.
  • 2). An extraordinary aspect about this technique is that during the entire process of the gummy paint being carefully twisted into motifs, the blunt needle never comes into contact with the cloth!
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    3). Rogan art was traditionally used to embellish bridal trousseau and was the exclusive preserve of the male members of the Khatri family. Times have changed and, in the last few decades, the Khatris have started teaching this art form to other crafts people, including women.
  • The process of applying this oil-based paint to fabric began among the Khatris, a Muslim community who came to India from Sindh, Pakistan.
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    Although the name, rogan (and some of the traditional designs) suggests an origin in Iran, there are no reliable historic records to prove this.
  • In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, several factors came together to bring about a renewed interest in rogan art, especially painting.
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    First, after the 2001 Gujarat earthquake, when much of the region was devastated, the water and electricity infrastructure was improved, new roads were built, and the number of flights into the region was increased
  • Second, local cooperatives and non-profit groups helped local artisans, including rogan artists, to increase their market by selling in urban settings and online. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, gifted a couple of exquisite handcrafted Rogan paintings to the US president, Barack Obama, during his visit to the US in 2014.
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    Third, many members of the Khatri family won state and national awards for their art, thus increasing the prestige of their work.

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